The recent National Postal Management Work Conference showed that in 2018, China's express delivery business volume was 50.5 billion pieces, a year-on-year increase of 25.8%. In 2019, it is expected to continue to grow by 20% to 60 billion pieces.
The industry believes that in the face of more than 160 million pieces of parcels per day, the development of the express delivery industry will usher in a new round of changes, and accelerate the transformation of innovation has been on the line.First of all, more cutting-edge technologies will be blooming in the express logistics industry.In addition, thanks to the continuous increase in the proportion of online shopping for large items such as furniture and home appliances, large-size express delivery will accelerate its rise.With the accelerated construction of international logistics hubs, the scale of cross-border logistics market is expected to usher in greater expansion.
More cutting-edge technologies are expected to flourish
For five consecutive years, each year has reached a tens of billions of steps. The rapid development of China's express delivery industry is obviously difficult to support if the increase in manpower alone is made. Technology support is becoming more and more important.
Electronic express delivery, automatic sorting, unmanned warehouses... In the past few years, a series of new technologies have helped the express delivery industry to basically eliminate the “explosion” phenomenon during the peak hours of the Double 11. Stepping into 2019, more cutting-edge technologies will blossom in the express logistics industry.
In a logistics park in Wuxi, Jiangsu, the camera in the warehouse is no longer just recording video footage.Through continuous scanning, the “smart” camera can automatically calculate the accumulation and entry and exit of cargo storage, and feedback to the dispatching system in real time, which promotes the operational efficiency of the entire park by about 20% compared with the traditional park.
"The current express logistics industry has completed basic informationization, but the degree of digitization is not enough.Through the application of the Internet of Things, superimposed on technologies such as machine learning and artificial intelligence, the traditional logistics industry will be plugged into the wings of digital upgrade. "Gu Xuemei, chief technology officer of the rookie network dedicated to building an intelligent logistics backbone network, said.
The National Postal Management Work Conference also proposed: “Guiding enterprises to apply technologies such as Internet of Things, Big Data, Beidou Navigation, and provide convenient services such as instant ordering, electronic customs declaration and tracking and inquiry.”
Intelligent technology applications, including the Internet of Things, make it easier for express couriers, such as the intelligent voice assistant developed by the rookie, to help the courier automatically call the consumer when sending the piece to confirm the delivery method.On the other hand, it also makes the delivery of the package smoother. For example, Yuantong's super-robot distribution center in Hangzhou can sort out more than 500,000 packages per day, saving two-thirds of the manpower.
Relevant reports show that the size of the domestic smart logistics market is expected to exceed 100 billion yuan in 2018, and the average annual growth rate will reach 20% in the next few years."With the continuous emergence of smart logistics innovation technology, a large number of smart supply chain platforms will be born, and the development of smart logistics will enter a new and more advanced stage." Wang Xifu, director of the Department of Logistics Engineering, School of Transportation, China Jiaotong University .
Large express delivery market wars have started
The National Postal Management Work Conference puts forward: "Encourage enterprises to expand their service areas on the basis of strengthening their core business, vigorously develop express and cold chain businesses, and accelerate the transition to integrated express logistics operators."
In fact, in the past 2018, big-piece express delivery has become a hot spot in the express logistics industry. According to the report released by Analysys, the weight of large-size express delivery is generally more than 3 kg, and the high is up to 50-60 kg, which requires higher requirements for express delivery and transfer.
The rise of large-size express delivery has benefited from the continuous increase in the proportion of online shopping for large items such as furniture and home appliances.In the traditional express logistics mode, large-scale goods generally do not provide upstairs services, or charge a higher fee.Aiming at this pain point, many logistics companies have transformed into large-scale express delivery, such as the German company Debon Logistics, which is renamed Debon Express.Some express delivery companies such as Zhongtong, SF and Yunda have also set up express companies to cut into large-size areas.
At the end of the year, the big-piece express market has already ignited the war. Such as Yunda Express launched 168 large-size service, Position a large package of 10-68 kg,Free shipping of packages up to 40 kilograms upstairs.Debon Express said that for a single piece of 3-60 kilograms of large-size express delivery, the package is delivered, eliminating the worry of large-scale upstairs.”Cui Weixing, chairman of Debon Express, said.
Liu Dacheng, deputy dean of the Internet Industry Research Institute of Tsinghua University, pointed out that supply chain innovation and application have risen to national strategy. The characteristics of large-size logistics in the supply chain are professional, niche and lack of standards. In the future, we will build a supply chain system from the national level, the operational environment level and the enterprise operation level, and promote the construction and operation of cross-regional alliances.
In addition to Large express delivery business, the cold chain is also the starting point for the express company to expand its services.Providing "fresh preservation" programs for fresh ingredients and medicines, major express delivery companies including SF and Tongda are entering the cold chain field.
Jingdong also launched a new service in December 2018 - Jingdong Cold Chain Kaban.Zheng Ruixiang, the person in charge of Jingdong Cold Chain, said that Jingdong will provide a one-stop service for the fresh supply chain through the cold chain card open platform resources, connecting the upstream fresh produce, brand factories and downstream catering shops and consumers.
According to the forecast of China Federation of Cold Chain Committee, the total demand for cold chain logistics in China will reach 180 million tons in 2018, an increase of 33 million tons over the previous year, an increase of 22.1%. The market size of the cold chain logistics reached 303.5 billion yuan, an increase of 48.5 billion yuan over the previous year, a year-on-year increase of 19%.
In 2019, the size of the cold chain logistics market is expected to expand further.According to Cui Zhongfu, vice president and secretary general of China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing, the National Compulsory Standard for Food Cold Chain Health Regulations has completed field research in 2018,at the same time, we organized several seminars and repeated revisions to the standard content, which is about to enter the stage of soliciting opinions. With the implementation of relevant standards, China's cold chain logistics standardization level is expected to reach a new level.
Cross-border logistics development and new actions
At the end of 2018, the global aviation logistics hub of Yuantong Group in Zhejiang Jiaxing Airport was officially launched. According to the plan of Yuantong, this project will be put into use in 2021, which will play an important role in promoting the construction of the “One Belt and One Road” service and the integration of the Yangtze River Delta.
In order to upgrade the route network, the number of airlines owned by SF Airlines has increased to 50. At the same time, SF's logistics hub project in Hubei Ezhou is also steadily advancing.
Buying cargo planes, building logistics hubs, this series of express delivery companies directly refers to international express mail and cross-border delivery services.
For cross-border delivery services, the National Postal Management Work Conference put forward clear requirements: “Set up overseas warehouses in key international regions, encourage joint construction and sharing, and enhance cross-border service capabilities” “Accelerate the development of cross-border delivery services, promote the speed of express customs clearance, and build More cross-border express service channel platforms."
From "transporting the country" to "transporting the world", the internationalization of Chinese express delivery companies complements the rapid development of cross-border e-commerce. The rookie network said it will work with partners to advance the goal of 72-hour delivery of global parcels.
On December 24, 2018, the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Transport issued the “National Logistics Hub Layout and Construction Plan”, proposing to set up about 30 national logistics hubs by 2020; to build 150 or so national logistics hubs by 2025; In 2035, a national logistics hub network suited to the modern economic system was basically formed. Many places are already accelerating the layout.
It is worth mentioning that there are still some places that have already set their sights on building an international logistics hub. Recently announced the "Chongqing Inland International Logistics Distribution Center Construction Plan" proposed, relying on Chongqing's important logistics nodes and channels, benchmarking the world's first-class inland port-type international logistics distribution center, speeding up the construction of Chongqing into a channel and radiation Lu, Unicom Global, logistics, business flow, capital flow, information flow and talent flow international logistics distribution center.
Wei Jigang, director of the Research Office of the Industrial Economics Research Department of the Development Research Center of the State Council, pointed out that in the medium and long term, China's international trade will continue to grow steadily, driving China's international logistics to continue its rapid development, especially cross-border e-commerce logistics will develop faster.
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