On February 14, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, and the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology jointly issued the "Guidelines for the Planning of Manufacturing Talent Development" (hereinafter referred to as the "Guide"), which caused a wide range of engineering education for all sectors of society attention.
In the Guide, the most striking is the “predicted talent demand forecast for the top ten key areas of manufacturing”.In this forecast, a new generation of information technology industry, high-end CNC machine tools and robots, aerospace equipment, offshore engineering equipment and high-tech ships, advanced rail transit equipment, energy-saving and new energy vehicles, power equipment, agricultural machinery and equipment, new materials, 10 majors such as biomedicine and high-performance medical devices are on the list.
According to the "Guide", by 2020, the new generation of information technology industry, power equipment, high-end CNC machine tools and robots, new materials will become the largest professional talent gap, including a new generation of information technology industry talent gap will reach 7.5 million .By 2025, the shortage of talents in the new generation of information technology industry will reach 9.5 million, and the shortage of talents in power equipment will reach 9.09 million.
In this regard, the "Guide" proposes to guide the colleges and universities enrollment plans to the relevant majors in the ten key areas of manufacturing, to expand the scale of doctoral training in major basic research and major scientific research,Increase the proportion of graduate students in key fields training ratio.
In addition to these 10 areas, the Guide also points out that we should focus on cultivating advanced design, key manufacturing processes, materials, digital modeling and simulation, and industrial control in areas such as “four-based” construction, intelligent manufacturing, and “Internet + manufacturing”. And professional and technical personnel in automation, industrial cloud services and big data applications.
In this regard, Yang Qiubo, deputy dean of the School of Precision Instruments and Optoelectronics Engineering of Tianjin University, said that the rapid development of big data, Internet of Things, artificial intelligence, network security, health and other new economic fields have already seen the shortage of talent supply.
"The talent training for photonics and quantum chips, brain science and intelligent technology, genomic health technology and other cutting-edge technologies and future technologies has not received enough attention." Yang Qiubo said.
Yang Qiubo believes that with the emergence of more "AlphaGo", future engineering and scientific personnel need to apply technologies that have not yet appeared to solve problems that have not yet occurred. "The scientific and technological revolution changes the content of education, the information revolution changes the educational model, and engineering education must adapt to the future, helping future engineers to construct a thinking mode and knowledge structure that meets the requirements of the times, and pay more attention to cultivating innovation and entrepreneurship."
Therefore, Yang Qiubo pointed out that it is necessary to speed up the construction and development of "new engineering", train the new economy and urgently need talents, and lay out and train talents who will lead the future of technology and industrial development, and promote the transformation and upgrading of traditional engineering majors.
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