China is the country with the largest scale, the most complete varieties and the strongest comprehensive strength in the instrument and meter industry. Although China's instrumentation is still in the development stage, we believe that the development prospect of domestic smart meters is still very broad.At present, the labor skills and professional quality of workers in the instrumentation industry in China cannot fully meet the higher requirements of upgrading the instrumentation industry.Craftsman technology is the pursuit of excellence in creative technology, quality technology, customer-oriented service technology.By cultivating many "Chinese craftsmen", we can accelerate the transformation of manufacturing powers into manufacturing powers.
The manufacturing industry is the mainstay of the national economy and the main battlefield for technological innovation.After more than 30 years of reform and opening up, China is a veritable manufacturing country. In the middle of more than 500 kinds of industrial products, China has the highest output of more than 220 products in the world, but the problem of “big but not strong” still exists.Compared with the industrial powers, the advantages of China's manufacturing industry are mainly reflected in the modular architecture products such as construction machinery, home appliances, and consumer electronics, as well as large-scale complex equipment such as communication equipment, high-speed rail and nuclear power equipment, but they need advanced technology support. In the core component field, there is still a relatively lack of advantage.
The 2017 government work report proposes to implement the "Made in China 2025" in depth, accelerate the application of big data, cloud computing, and Internet of Things, and promote the transformation of production, management and marketing models in the traditional instrument and instrument industry with new technologies and new industry models. The development of intelligent manufacturing as the main direction, promote the national intelligent manufacturing demonstration zone, the innovation of the manufacturing industry, the in-depth implementation of the industry's strong base, major equipment special projects, vigorously develop advanced manufacturing industries, and advance China's manufacturing to move toward the middle and high end.As the action plan for implementing the first decade of the strategy of manufacturing a strong country, "Made in China 2025" is a strategic choice to adapt to the development trend of the world economy and the development requirements of the Chinese manufacturing industry.From the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry, the industry will be basically realized in 2020, and to enter the manufacturing industry, the connotation of "Made in China 2025" focuses on innovation, transformation and upgrading, and moves towards the middle and high end.
First of all, China's manufacturing must shift to China's intellectual creation and move toward the middle and high end.
"Made in China 2025" first appeared in the government work report in 2015. In 2016, the plan entered the "initiation implementation" stage. In addition to the "deep implementation" statement this year, it also emphasized "accelerating big data, cloud computing, and things." "Networked applications", "to develop smart manufacturing as the main direction."
As an important carrier of intelligent manufacturing, the robot, on the morning of March 11, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology held a question on "promoting the implementation of "Made in China 2025"). In the middle of the question, the Vice Minister Xin Guobin also deliberately The development of the robot instrument industry was introduced.
In 2016, the output of robots in China's industrial industry has reached 72,400 units, an increase of 34.3% year-on-year, and the output of the instrument industry is expanding. The next step is to push the robotic instrument industry to the middle and high end. Xin Guobin said that the first is to promote innovation ，further integrate the innovative resources of the instrument industry, promote the establishment of robot innovation centers, and improve the innovation capability of the instrument industry.The second is to fill the short board, break through the bottleneck of the development of the instrument industry, focus on supporting the improvement of the quality and reliability of key components in the robot instrument industry, and further consolidate the development foundation of the instrument industry.The third is to carry out pilot demonstrations, popularization and application of robots, and promote the application of robots in the emerging instrument industry and traditional manufacturing industries.The fourth is to cultivate talents, further implement the guidelines for talent development planning in the manufacturing industry, increase the training of talents in the robot industry, and continue to run the national engineering industry robot technology application skills competition.
"Intelligent manufacturing is an important breakthrough in revitalizing the real economy and accelerating the transformation and upgrading of the industrial sector. China is the most competitive manufacturing industry in the world, but more of it is the huge capacity of low-end products in the middle, and the expansion of extensive capacity is difficult to sustain. The development of intelligent manufacturing will help to improve the production efficiency and added value of the enterprise, alleviate the increasingly high labor costs of the manufacturing industry in China, and further improve the market competitiveness of the enterprise." Wang Heling, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, said.
Deng Nianhan, a deputy to the National People's Congress and an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, also pointed out that China should attach great importance to the development of a new generation of artificial intelligence technology, vigorously develop self-made artificial intelligence chips and form standards, so that a new generation of artificial intelligence will become the engine of innovation drive in the information age, and then Economic transformation and upgrading provide acceleration.
Second, to inspire innovation and boost Chinese manufacturing to the mid-to-high end.
Innovation is the first driving force for development, and an important means to promote Chinese manufacturing to the middle and high end.
In the middle of the 2017 government work report, “innovation” is undoubtedly a high-frequency word. “Relying on innovation to promote the transformation of new and old kinetic energy and structural optimization and upgrading.” “Innovation leads the transformation and upgrading of the real economy.” “We must adhere to the reform and opening up as the driving force, support human resources as the support, accelerate innovation and development, foster new kinetic energy, and improve and improve. Traditional kinetic energy, promote the economy to maintain medium and high-speed growth, and the instrument industry is moving towards the middle and high-end level."
“More than 70% of the innovations in the United States come from the manufacturing industry. China is also generally the same. To propose a manufacturing power is not simply to support which instrument industry, which technology to lead, but to mobilize all forces that can be mobilized, stimulate innovation, and use innovation to drive national competition. The improvement of the force." Li Beiguang, deputy director of the Planning Department of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said.
Song Xiaogang, vice president of the China Machinery Industry Association, said that whether it is introducing technology or innovating on its own, it is still necessary to see whether there is core technology. By introducing technology, we can accelerate the pace of mastering core technologies. The premise of self-innovation is that at the same time of introduction, input forces can achieve more innovations on the original basis, because the introduction is often not the core technology.
Many experts have similar views. They believe that many high-end industry technologies cannot be bought. Even if advanced technology is acquired through mergers and acquisitions, the integration after mergers and acquisitions requires a process, whether it can adapt to the environment, and whether it can be internalized. There is still uncertainty about things. Therefore, China's manufacturing must aim at the world's advanced level, enhance the comprehensive benchmarking of the world's leading enterprise industry, enhance the research and development of key areas and core technologies, and accelerate the transformation and application of scientific research results.
Third, foster "Chinese craftsmen" to start "Chinese brands."
Talent is the foundation of a strong country. It is necessary to continuously improve the ability of the advanced manufacturing industry for talent service, strengthen the technology of chemical industry, and improve the multi-level and multi-type talent training system.
In his 2017 government work report, Premier Li Keqiang said that it is necessary to carry out extensive quality improvement actions, enhance overall quality management, and improve the quality competition mechanism for survival of the fittest. The soul of quality is ingenuity. It is necessary to vigorously promote artisan technology, plant artisan culture, diligent industry ethics, admire excellence, cultivate many "Chinese craftsmen", create more world-renowned "Chinese brands", and promote China's economic development into the quality era.
At the press conference on March 11, Miao Wei, Minister of Industry and Information Technology, also emphasized the "Chinese artisans" and "Chinese brands" to create a good environment and create more "Chinese brands" with world-renowned reputation. It is also necessary to vigorously promote artisan technology, strengthen vocational education, plant artisan culture, cultivate more sophisticated craftsmen, support consumer goods to the market, go international, and increase the export of branded products, rather than the export of unbranded products.
Looking into the future, driven by "Made in China 2025", the speed and quality of China's manufacturing industry will definitely increase significantly, gradually moving towards the mid-to-high end, providing a sustained and powerful impetus for global economic stability and growth.
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